Former combatants of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) were linked to recent incidents of unrest in the North, giving rise to fresh speculations of an LTTE-regrouping in the North.
Claims that these former cadres, some rehabilitated, are involved raise more questions than concerns over the progress of the government. Eight years have gone since the end of war and promises by the Sri Lankan government run by the Sinhalese to implement a acceptable political package to solve the discriminations towards the minority cannot be seen.
From day one of the post war period, the government initiated a programme to rehabilitate some cadres who were arrested and those some who surrendered to the military during the final phase of fighting. Thousands of the senior LTTE leaders and their family members who surrendered with white flag after UN negotiated the surrender were taken away and killed by the Sri Lankan forces. The 12 year old son of LTTE Leader Prabaharan who surrendered with White flag was given biscuits by the Army and eventually killed by the Sri Lankan forces as per orders from Rajapaksha.
The effectiveness of the rehabilitation process does not depend solely on the programme itself. Its effectiveness mostly depends on the post rehabilitation environment of those who have been reintegrated into the society. The Tamil youth took arms after the Tamil political leaders were continually fooled by the Sri Lankan governments ruled by Sinhala Leaders who gained votes to rule by talking racism. This has been done since independence from British rule on 4th of February 1948.
The Tamils were fooled in the Parliament by the Sinhala majority by every government since the independence and the promised political packages have gone in to bin. Due to failure by the Sinhala politicians in the parliament the Tamil youths were forced to take armes against the Racist governments.
Indian government used its influance to propose a political package which was added to the constitution as the 13th amendment of the countries constitution on the 29 July 1987. On 29 July 1987, Indo-Sri Lanka Accord was signed between Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Sri Lankan President J.R. Jayewardene which stated the devolution of powers to the provinces. Hence on 14 November 1987 the Sri Lankan Parliament passed the 13th Amendment to the 1978 Constitution of Sri Lanka and the Provincial Councils Act No 42 of 1987 to establish provincial councils. The amendment aims at creating provincial councils in Sri Lanka and enable Sinhalese and Tamil as national languages while preserving English as the link language. But to date this amentment has not been implemented in full by the Sinhala governments.
Former President Mahinda Rajapaksha promised the western leaders that he will implement ‘his famous 13+’ which was more than the the 13th amendment of the constitution if he is allowed to kill the LTTE and the 40,000+ Tamil civilians in May 2009. The Sri Lankan military was well funded, well equipped and given a blank cheque to conduct operations and kill the Tamils. India and America shared critical intelligence.
The western leaders believed Mahinda Rajapaksha and turned a blind eye to the killing of more than 40,000 Tamil civilians and more than 1000 LTTE Leaders and their family members who surrendered with white flag after UN negotiated the surrender.
But being another racist Sinhala Leader Mahinda Rajapaksha refused to implement even the 13th Amendment of the current constitution. When he was challenged by the western leaders and India he turned to China, Russia and Pakistan governments support which made the Western leaders shut their mouths.
After almost a decade of absolute rule, with a firm militarist orientation, Rajapaksa was ousted in 2015. But even the New government of President Maithiri and PM Ranil who came to power in 2015 with the support of minority by promising to implement a political package is fooling the Tamil leaders. To date nothing has been done.
1956 – Solomon Bandaranaike elected on wave of Sinhalese nationalism. Sinhala made sole official language and other measures introduced to bolster Sinhalese and Buddhist feeling. More than 100 Tamils killed in widespread violence after Tamil parliamentarians protest at new laws.
1958 – Anti-Tamil riots leave more than 200 people dead. Thousands of Tamils displaced.
1972 – Ceylon changes its name to Sri Lanka and Buddhism given primary place as country’s religion, further antagonising Tamil minority.
1976 – Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) formed as tensions increase in Tamil-dominated areas of north and east.
1977 – Separatist Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF) party wins all seats in Tamil areas. Anti-Tamil riots leave more than 100 Tamils dead.
1981 Sinhala policemen accused of burning the Jaffna Public Library, causing further resentment in Tamil community.
1983 Anti-Tamil riots leading to the deaths of several hundred Tamils. Start of what Tigers call “First Eelam War”.
1990 Violence between Sri Lankan army and separatists escalates. “Second Eelam War” begins.
1995 – “Third Eelam War” begins when rebels sink naval craft.
2002 February – Government and Tamil Tiger rebels sign a Norwegian-mediated ceasefire.
2006 October – Peace talks fail in Geneva
2008 January – Government pulls out of 2002 ceasefire agreement, launches massive offensive.
2008 March – International panel, invited by the government to monitor investigations into alleged human rights abuses, announces that it is leaving the country. Panel member Sir Nigel Rodley says the authorities were hindering its work. Government rejects the criticism.
2009 May – Government declares Tamil Tigers defeated after army forces overrun last patch of rebel-held territory in the northeast. Military says rebel leader Velupillai Prabhakaran was killed in the fighting. Tamil Tiger statement says the group will lay down its arms.
2012 March – UN Human Rights Council adopts a resolution urging Sri Lanka to investigate war crimes allegedly committed during the final phase of the decades-long conflict with Tamil Tiger rebels. Sri Lanka says the move usurps its sovereignty.
2013 March – UN Human Rights Council passes highly critical resolution urging Sri Lanka to conduct an independent and credible investigation into alleged war crimes during the Tamil Tiger insurgency.
2013 August – UN Human Rights Commissioner Navi Pillay accuses government of eroding democracy and the rule of law after a week-long visit.
2016 June – Sri Lankan government acknowledges for the first time that some 65,000 people are missing from its 26-year-long war with Tamil Tiger rebels and a separate Marxist insurrection.
2016 July – The government announces its aim for Sri Lanka to become completely demilitarised by 2018, a significant development which would see the end of the army’s involvement in civilian life after decades of ethnic war.